A GEORGE SAND ALFRED DE MUSSET

The decade de the 1830s experienced George Sand revolutionized from année anonymous journalist right into a literary institution. From 1831 venir 1839 she published année average du a full-length roman every six months. Elle also embarked conditions météorologiques a series de romantic liaisons, consisting of with the critic avion Planche, the actrice Marie Dorval, thé writer Prosper Mérimée, elle lawyer Michel aux Bourges, her son"s guardian Felicien Mallefille, et the socialist advocate Pierre Leroux, amongst others. Elle also had two great affairs; thé first, in between 1833 et 1835, was with thé writer Alfred de Musset.

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George Sand et Alfred aux Musset (?) par Célestin Nanteuil(in other portraits from thé 1830s de Musset is no clean-shaven)
The ConfessionAlfred de Musset"s ns Confession d"un enfant ns siècle (The Confession of a Child ns the Century, 1836) is thé highly fictionalized story de his affair through Sand. Thé narrator Octave is a young masculin (de Musset to be 22 when cette met Sand, who was 29) who brazen betrayal by his sapin love has ressentir him careening down the path of unrestrained dissipation, bitterness cynicism, et a near-pathological distrust ns women.In this state he meets auto beautiful widow brigitte Pierson. He is struck by her kindness et goodness, auto peace and serenity of elle home, and falls in love. Return at tons she walk not return his feelings, eventually elle is unable to resist the intensity du his passion et they come to be lovers. Auto narrator, though, prefer his creator, has actually a volatile temperament, and only two days after their amour is consummated cette starts their life serious discuter over a trifle. Oui a joke brigitt has told that a blanche lie, which she immediately confesses:She laugh heartily ont she called me. But all at once je felt a cloud had cleared up over me...The more ns tried to fight thé gloom which had actually gripped je the blacker the darkness i m sorry gathered in mien head became."Well now," je said, "are tu really an accomplished liar?...Do elle find that informing lies comes easily?" elle looked at je in amazement...You pouvez smile, reader, as you peruse this page. Cible I, that write it, encore tremble at the memory. Misfortunes have symptoms just oui physical illnesses do, and there is nothing an ext alarming to auto sailor than a small black dot nous the horizon. <1>De Musset is a master at describing thé suffocating sense ns paranoia the jealousy arouses. Année example: to avoid gossip the coupler plans to travel outside de France, cible the narrator intentionally delays your departure due to jai décidé suspicions du Brigitte. A friend du hers, a homme named Smith, has been visiting them regularly:Sitting passant par the fire, i would let mien eyes wander from forgeron to Brigitte and back again. Castle both looked pale and serious et said little. Je had ne sont pas idea why lock were like that but, try oui I might, je couldn"t help thinking that cette could be à la the very same reason et that over there were no two secret waiting venir be discovered but one...It was an overpowering, fateful intuition. <2>In auto narrator"s state de hypervigilant awareness, situations that might otherwise seem not important take nous a heightened significance. One evening thé narrator goes à bed, leaving Brigitte et Smith ensemble just ont she asks parce que le tea venir be served. The next morning he notices that there is only une teacup conditions météorologiques the table: "My hands were shaking...What faisabilité reason could explain why Smith and Madame Pierson drank from thé same cup?" <3>Of course, over there is another and more most likely explanation available à Octave: perhaps forgeron simply didn"t want tea et the maid took his unused cup away with her. Cible Octave"s leap ns jealous illogic is a cue that he has sensed a depths truth: over there is undoubtedly a growing emotional relier between Brigitte and Smith, and his "fateful intuition" peut être be justification after all.

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This electric moment de unwelcome understanding is based on année incident from de Musset"s affair with Sand. They had actually travelled to Venice together, but relations between them ended up being strained. Ultimately Sand barred elle bedroom door to de Musset, ostensibly soja that she could write, and he went out on his own in the evenings to sample auto pleasures of the city. Hey sampled them so thoroughly that cette worried that hey had contract a venereal disease, and became serious ill, possibly with typhoid. Thé Italian doctor who cure him was thé handsome, cultured 27-year-old Pietro Pagello. Oui Pagello and Sand continued to be up together to watch over thé patient, a romantic attachment formed. Pagello offered Sand thé stability and comfort that auto impulsive, erratic (and currently prostrated) du Musset was incapable of providing.Although du Musset lapsed in et out de consciousness, hey later recounted to his brother paul his somewhat hazy memories ns one certain night. Pagello was preparing to leave once Sand request him to stay parce que le a cup of tea. Auto two leaned close et conversed in whispers, et as Sand"s biographer Curtis Cate describes thé scene, de Musset "had thé distinct impressionnant that they were drinking from the same cup. Later, when Pagello rose venir leave, George Sand accompanied him out. Castle passed behind a screen placed in front of the door, et though Musset can see nothing, cette had the impression that they to be kissing. George Sand came back pour a candle, accompanying auto surgeon out conditions météorologiques to thé landing, where they continued to be for an unusually longue time...By thé light du the single remaining candle he could see auto table, et on ce was seulement one tea cup." <4> This image, seared into aux Musset"s feverish brain, i do not care the moment the narrator of Confession realizes that brigitt is being emotionally unfaithful to him.

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The work of du Musset and Sand was tempestuous. Sand damaged with the in Venice, et ultimately travelled ago to paris with Pagello. Marqué the co-generated melodrama of her relationship through the poète exerted année inexorable pull, et in paris she and de Musset ended up being lovers again. Sand composed him, "I no plus long love you, i adore elle forever. Ns no longer want to have anything to à faire with you, but I can"t aller on there is no you. Seul a bolt de lightning from the heavens could moine me by annihilating me. Farewell, stay, leave, only don"t speak I"m not suffering...Go, marqué kill me." <5>After année enraged du Musset took elle at elle word et threatened her with a knife, though, Sand fabriqué a final break with the in march 1835. Cette had to be telling her for fermer la porte to a year that cette was composing a roman à clé about your affair, and after your breakup she was an extremely concerned passant par what her fictional portrait can look like. In thé end, she was relieved that brigitt was portrayed as noble and self-sacrificing.The fictional trail du this relationship would continue. In 1859, two years after thé death of aux Musset, Sand published eux et lui (Her et him), her édition of auto affair in which "Therese" is faithful, et forgiving of the dissolute et groundlessly jealous "Laurent." ns Musset"s brother paul then wrote an angry prize novel, à lui et eux (Him et her, 1859), in i m sorry the poet "Eduoard" is betrayed passant par his lying, faithless mistress "Olympe." This to be followed—in auto same year!—by Louise Colet"s à lui (Him). Colet had actually been de Musset"s on-again, off-again mistress in the final years de his life. In her édition of ns Musset"s affair v Sand, the rising poet "Albert" has auto misfortune venir become associated with auto hypocritical, self-promoting "Antonia," who smokes, neglects elle children, et betrays the with an Italian called Piacentini. At this point the satirists started to ont a field day; Alexis Doinet wrote Eux, spectaculaire contemporain, par je (Them, a modern-day drama, by Me) and arolphe de Lescure published eux et nom de famille (Himselves et Herselves). A dénormes passion had end up being farce.Other posts in this series:
Alfred ns Musset, auto Confession of a Child of the Century, interpreted with an Introduction et Notes passant par David Coward, Penguin Classics, 2012, p. 157.De Musset, p. 221.De Musset, p. 229.Curtis Cate, George Sand: A Biography. House turn Mifflin, 1975, p. 294. Quoted in Cate, p. 347. Translation contempt altered.