Inspired by the American Declaration ns Independence in 1776 and the spirit du the Enlightenment, thé Declaration de the Rights du Man et of auto Citizen du 1789 marked auto beginning du a nouveau political era. Due to the fact that then, it has never ever ceased to be a referral text. The Fifth Republic explicitly states the attachment à it, citing ce in thé preamble ns its Constitution, and the constitutional Council well-known its constitutional worth in 1971.

Vous lisez ce: Droit de l homme 1789


The Declaration ns the Rights of Man and of the Citizen came into survie in auto summer of 1789, attaché of an idea of the structure Assembly, which to be formed de the assembly de the Estates général to breeze a nouveau Constitution, and precede ce with a declaration de principles.

There were numerous proposals. The former Assembly tasked 5 deputies – Démeunier, la Luzerne, Tronchet, Mirabeau et Redon – through examining the various draft declarations, combine them right into a single one et presenting cette to the Assembly. éléments by article, the français declaration to be voted nous between 20 and 26 august 1789.

In that preamble and its 17 articles, ce sets out auto “natural et inalienable” rights, which space freedom, ownership, security, resistance to oppression; cette recognizes equality avant the law and the justice system, et affirms auto principle ns separation of powers.

Ratified on 5 October passant par Louis xvi under push from auto Assembly et the toutes les personnes who had rushed to Versailles, it served oui a preamble to thé first structure of the french Revolution in 1791. While thé text was subsequently flouted by many revolutionaries, and followed by two différent declarations ns the rights of homme in 1793 and 1795, the text of 26 respectable 1789 was the une to survive, et inspired similar texts in several European et Latin American nations throughout the 19th century; cette is on this une that the french constitutions ns 1852, 1946 et 1958 to be founded.

The universel Declaration ns the Rights of Man, signed in Paris on 10 December 1948, seul like thé European conventions on human being Rights, signed in Rome nous 4 November 1950, oui the same origins.


The text

The representatives of the french People, created into a intérieur Assembly, considering ignorance, forgetfulness or contempt du the civil liberties of homme to it is in the seul causes of public misfortunes and the corruption of Governments, have resolved to set forth, in a solemn Declaration, auto natural, unalienable et sacred rights de man, to the end the this Declaration, constantly current to all members de the corps humain politic, peut faire remind castle unceasingly of their rights et their duties; to auto end that the acts ns the legislative power and those ns the executive power, because they peut faire be continually contrasted with the aim du every political institution, pouvez thereby be the more respected; to auto end that thé demands de the citizens, founded henceforth on simple et incontestable principles, peut faire always be directed toward the maintenir of thé Constitution et the happiness de all.

In consequence whereof, the denchères Assembly recognises and declares, in auto presence and under thé auspices du the supreme Being, the following Rights of Man et of the Citizen.

Article first

Men space born and remain free and equal in rights. Société distinctions may be based only conditions météorologiques considerations ns the typical good.

Article 2

The aim ns every political association is the preservation de the natural et imprescriptible rights ns Man. These rights are Liberty, Property, Safety et Resistance à Oppression.

Article 3

The principle de any Sovereignty lies mostly in auto Nation. No corporate body, ne sont pas individual peut faire exercise any autorité that go not specifically emanate native it.

Article 4

Liberty consists in being able to do anything that does not damage others: thus, auto exercise of the natural rights de every homme has non bounds est différent than those that ensure venir the différent members du society auto enjoyment ns these exact same rights. This bounds may be established only passant par Law.

Article 5

The regulation has the right à forbid seul those actions that room injurious to society. Nothing that is no forbidden passant par Law peut être be hindered, and no one peut faire be compelled to à faire what the Law does no ordain.

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Article 6

The legislation is the expression of the normal will. All citizens have the right venir take part, personally or through their representatives, in the making. Cette must be auto same parce que le all, whether it protects or punishes. Tous citizens, being same in that is eyes, shall be same eligible to all high offices, public positions et employments, according venir their ability, and without other distinction than that of their virtues and talents.

Article 7

No masculin may be accused, arrested jaune detained except in the boîte determined by the Law, and following thé procedure that it has prescribed. Those who solicit, expedite, bring out, or cause to be carried out arbitrary orders need to be punished; but any citizen summoned or apprehended by virtue de the Law, must give instant obedience; resistance makes him guilty.

Article 8

The law must prescribe only the punishments that space strictly et evidently necessary; et no one peut être be punished except passant par virtue de a Law drawn up et promulgated avant the violation is committed, et legally applied.

Article 9

As every man is presumed innocent until cette has been claimed guilty, if it should be thought about necessary venir arrest him, any kind of undue harshness the is not required à secure his human being must be severely curbed passant par Law.

Article 10

No one peut être be disturbed nous account of his opinions, even spiritual ones, ont long oui the manifestation of such opinions does not interfere with thé established Law et Order.

Article 11

The free la communication of ideas et of des avis is one ns the most precious rights de man. Any type of citizen peut faire therefore speak, write and publish freely, except quel is tantamount to auto abuse of this liberty in the des boites determined de Law.

Article 12

To guarantee the Rights ns Man et of the Citizen a public force is necessary; this forces is thus established à la the benefit de all, et not à la the specific use de those venir whom ce is entrusted.

Article 13

For the maintenance of the auditeur force, and for administrative expenses, a general tax is indispensable; cette must be equally distributed among toutes les personnes citizens, in proportion venir their ability to pay.

Article 14

All citizens have the right à ascertain, par themselves, or through your representatives, the need for a public tax, venir consent to it freely, à watch end its use, and to recognize its proportion, basis, collection and duration.

Article 15

Society has the right to ask a auditeur official for année accounting de his administration.

Article 16

Any culture in which no provision is made for guaranteeing legal rights or parce que le the separation du powers, has ne sont pas Constitution.

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Article 17

Since the right venir Property is inviolable et sacred, no one peut faire be deprived thereof, unless auditeur necessity, legit ascertained, obviously calls for it, et just and prior indemnity has actually been paid.