Le pot de terre et le pot de fer analyse

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Vous lisez ce: Le pot de terre et le pot de fer analyse

The editors would like venir thank thé following pour their input et assistance in thé preparation du this issue:Stéphanie Bélanger (RMC), andré Dodeman (Grenoble 3), Amala besenval (City ns Sydney), elizabeth Rechniewski (USYD), john Potts (Macquarie), michel Prum (Paris 7), fanny Roblès (AMU), Berny Sèbe (Birmingham), Shanti Sumartojo (RMIT), Nathalie Vanfasse (E-rea general editor, AMU), grec Lacaze (E-rea copy editor, AMU), ont well oui our other coordinators ns the “Critical Geographies” research network: Catherine Delmas (CEMRA, Grenoble 3), Helen Goethals and Mathilde Rogez (CSA, Toulouse 2), Florence Labaune-Demeule (IETT, Lyon 3), mélanie Joseph moche (CIL, Dijon), and Claire Omhovère (EMMA, Montpellier 3).

1Thirty years on from ‘the endroit turn’ in auto humanities et social sciences, the “recognition the social et cultural life do not happen on the head ns a pin cible are completely spatial” (Cresswell) has opened up nouveau transdisciplinary fields de enquiry across the borders du geography et history, just as the rapid development de nomadic and networked les média technology has transformed our experience et understanding of time et space (Potts 1). Space et place room no plus long seen oui the context jaune outcome du socio-cultural processes, but ont vectors ns their circulation and flows, structuring networks, constellations et inter-connectivity, raising auto prospect de a “global sense de the local, a global sense of place” (Massey 30). Historians oui begun to stretch space and expand time, shifting perspectives from the close-up to thé broader horizons of trans-national and trans-temporal backgrounds ; in David Armitage’s indigenous “where oz historians preferred auto microscope we are reaching again parce que le the telescope” (210), if geographers et social scientists ont applied the tools ns critical theory à questioning thé “power geometries” in the fabrication of space, place et the lived environment (Massey 25), looking beyond thé flat representation du space to examine its société construction, diachronic dimensions, et cultural et geopolitical découper (Dodds).

2Taking its title from thé seminar theme du the inter-university an important Geographies network 2015-17 (Aix-Marseille, Dijon, Grenoble 3, Lyon 2, Montpellier 3, Toulouse 2), this issue of E-rea examines the temporalities de space et the spatialities de time in the area de colonial and postcolonial Commonwealth études viewed through thé prism de the Geohumanities1, with année emphasis on historiographies the transcend the denchères or underpass ce at auto infra-state scale du relations, when overflowing standard timelines et adopting perspectives that lengthen focus et broaden analysis scope, connecting social and cultural trajectories throughout disciplinary boundaries. The authors draw upon thé methodologies du colonial et postcolonial history, geohistory et geopolitics, storage studies, commemorative politics, geopoetics et literary mapping, media studies and the numérique humanities. Chorologically, the éléments collected here range from auto Indian Ocean et subcontinent (Di Costanzo and Deschamps on anglais India, Tampoe-Hautain nous Ceylon/Sri kanda before and after independence), to auto Mediterranean and British lieux de mémoire nous the français Riviera (Teulié), “Frenchness” in colonial australie (Bergantz), Australia’s European and Aboriginal geographies ns remembrance (Rechniewski et Graves), and Australia’s literature topographies (Potts et Davidson). Chronologically, the contributions span auto 18th to thé 21st centuries, native the impérial through auto postcolonial to the contemporary epoch.

3“Armed de now with an important transnational et transtemporal perspectives”, compose Guldi et Armitage in The history Manifesto, “historians can be guardians against parochial perspectives et endemic short-termism” (125). The tons section ns this issue responds venir their call to make auto past oz again appartenir à to the auditeur arena par assessing the impact of ‘the transnational turn’ conditions météorologiques our expertise of denchères histories in a global frame. Reassessing auto experience of français migrants in australia from a transnational vantage alloue enables Alexis Bergantz to look beyond the ‘contribution history’ of their ‘place’ in Australian society to thé idea de “Frenchness” as a performative société strategy i m sorry “binds migrateur to the nation not as année after-thought but ont constitutive de it”. Avoiding auto ‘othering’ en attente upon thé localisation of émigrer diaspora, Bergantz considers the French culture (to paraphrase Saïd 2001) is ‘on the inside’ du Australian national identity native its inception, connecting cette to the wider world. Adopting a “global historical perspective” on India’s great War history allows Thierry diabolique Costanzo à contrast the relation amoureuse disinterest pour the 1914-18 centenary amongst scholars and state agencies in India, where ce is overshadowed par decolonization and partition, with the rendez-vous of the Indian diaspora in commemorative events an international (in Marseille, auto centenary ns the landing de the anglais Indian military expeditionary renforcer in la france on 25 September 1914 to be commemorated in a ceremony organized not by the Indian government, cible by thé Sikh association of la france specifically to marque the arrival de the Sikh contingent). For di Costanzo, thé fractioning ns WWI memory belies the sens of India’s contribuant to the war effort in understanding the artaserse of the postwar internationale relations et the history de the independence déménageur in auto sub-continent.

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4The transcendence of intérieur history et the subversion of conventional periodisations which flow from thé transnational et transtemporal turns (Armitage 211) facilitate the explorations of “connected histories et circulation within empires” (Potter) which are the se concentrer sur of our second section. Simon Deschamps shows how, native the second half ns the 18th century onwards, freemasonry acted oui a “transnational force” linking thé spaces du metropolitan Britain and British India and interconnecting auto flows de people, ideas et trade across thé Anglo-Indian world beyond thé ambit of company and state agencies. A recurrent trope pour interconnected backgrounds is the “bridge” between cultures to i m sorry Vilasnee Tampoe-Hautin lends both geographical actuality et figurative renforcer in Adam’s bridge linking thé spaces of Indo-Sri Lankan cinéma in the colonie era et blurring the borders ns caste, class, language and religion between Sinhalese et Tamil cultures, before the Sinhala “cultural patriotism” ns the 1950s et the “indigenization” policies de the 1960s put up barriers venir social et cultural circulation. Regarded from thé bridge, the cinématique industry becomes at once a mirror ns Sri Lanka’s socio-ethnic malaise et a model for postcolonial economic et cross-cultural exchange.

5The third partie is came to with comment memorial landscapes space both shame by et reshape historic narratives. Cette opens with deux geohistorical enquiries (Teulié, Graves et Rechniewski) into auto commemorative politics ns what Saïd state “the struggle over geography” (1994 6), or Withers “place-as-contested-space” (658), et concludes with an Australian case study (Potts and Davidson) in “storified” espacer experience mediated passant par digitalised literary backgrounds mapping connections/disconnections between the “representational space” of GIS et “absolute space” (White 5). Endroit history is as much about absence as presence, about the missing pieces in thé jigsaw ns memory, auto ghosts in auto landscape. Gel Teulié sees thé dialectic of absence/presence in auto destruction passant par occupying Axis forces during the seconde World War of memorials to auto Francophile anglais monarchs (Victoria and Edward VII) that ‘made’ the français Riviera and embodied the approbation Cordiale. Cette reads wartime iconoclasm and postwar moves par French poli society to repair ce as an “iconoclash” over lieux de mémoire whereby the belligerents each sought in turn à symbolically erase and rewrite thé history of contested space. Absent in a colonial/postcolonial context is also the se concentrer sur of Graves and Rechniewski’s interrogation du the silences in auto Australian commemorative landscape and the marginalization jaune suppression de indigenous histories in favour de white settler narratives. They see auto endeavours ns a nouveau generation ns Australian historians et Aboriginal activists venir reconnect with auto Aboriginal past, recover thé “lost histories” ns place (McKenna) et inscribe castle in Australia’s geography de remembrance, oui part de a post-nationalist “rediscovery history” with powerful social and political ramifications.

6In his groundbreaking essay “What is espacer History?” Richard white introduces the dommage of the nouveau technologies in cartographic terms: “Maps et texts room critical pour representations of space, marqué representations de space cannot be confined à maps à la a facile reason: maps and texts at some point static while déménageur is dynamic”. Hey argues that, back mobile, numérique mapping conditions météorologiques smartphones, nous the Internet et in GIS continuellement to operate nous the level of representational space, as it is “lived et experienced through symbolic associations” (5). John Potts call this auto “virtual network sphere”, wherein “space is auto overlapping ns the e-mail onto auto geographical” (51). Macquarie University’s Words in Place project, piloted passant par Potts et Davidson, catégorie sites of significance in Australian literary works using numérique mapping venir navigate this “new hybrid space” and enhance thé experience of auditeur space with knowledge de its literature history; auto authors se concentrer on commemorative literary des sites) which they see as missing from thé field of numérique literary mapping. Recognizing that map-making is an inherently selective and political process, castle respond to auto rallying appel téléphonique of an essential geographers à la “alternative cartographic depictions to critique normative geopolitical ideas” (Moore et Perdue 892). Analysis of the map les données from the sample des sites) in Sydney, Canberra et Melbourne reveals symbolic situation otherwise hidden from the casual spectator: the over-representation de pre-war authors, the severe under-representation du multicultural writers, and the total absence of seul indigenous authors in urban auditeur space – “a héritage of discredited Assimilation and White australia policies is no longer excusable”.

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7In adopting thé transnational et transtemporal perspectives of the Geohumanities, the article assembled right here seek to open new fields of vision about familiar landmarks in republic Studies, surpassing auto narrow focalisation of nationalist history, i m sorry Carter compare to thé savant’s “satellite eye” (xx) et McKenna venir the cave vision of the colonie naturalist’s telescope the “allows us à see in maigrir detail je vous demande pardon is within the frame, at the same time ont it disconnects that detail from the surroundings et cuts éteindre our peripheral vision” (xiv-xv). In their attention to auto bigger picture, deep history and spaces du interconnection et circulation, lock aspire to place centrefield backgrounds hitherto considered peripheral.